Buy appliances with an A+++ energy label: they will save you a lot of energy and money.
Do not buy a refrigerator bigger than one you need.
Place the fridge or the freezer in a cool, well-ventilated place away from possible heat sources: cooker, oven, sunlight, etc.
Adjust the thermostat on the fridge and freezer, following the manufacturer's instructions. For example, 6-8ºC in the fridge and between -12 and -18ºC in the freezer.
To avoid unnecessary energy costs, only open the fridge/freezer door when needed, and for the shortest possible time.
Check that the rubber seals around the refrigerator doors are in good condition and ensure that the door closes well.
De-frost the freezer before the layer of ice reaches a thickness of 4/5 mm. You will obtain savings of up to 30%.
Never put hot food in the fridge, you will save energy by allowing it to cool outside.
When you take food out of the freezer to consume it the next day, defrost it in the fridge compartment rather than outside. That way, you will get an extra source of cold free of charge.
Clean the rear grille of the fridge at least once a year.