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Electric cars

Perhaps the term ‘electric mobility’ is better, as it not only refers to private vehicles but also to vans, motorcycles and buses with 100% electric drive that already operate on the streets of our cities. They are all part of this mobility that has arrived to stay, being a real, efficient and viable alternative to the use of petrol and diesel in transport.

This sector has a 95.5% dependence on petroleum products and is the second biggest energy consumer. It represents around 38% of total energy demand in Euskadi. This is why it is essential to diversify the energy sources used to contribute to more balanced and sustainable transport sector. In this respect, the electrification of transport will help to improve the energy situation of the sector.

Advantages of electric vehicles

The electric car offers energy and environmental advantages:

  • Lower consumption. It is a highly efficient technology.
  • Lower energy cost. Electricity is cheaper than petroleum products.
  • Lower maintenance costs.
  • No noise pollution
  • It does not pollute where it goes.It is clean..
  • Great variety of models.
 

Economic analysis

Pure electric mobility is more efficient, i.e. is consumes less energy. It has fewer mechanical losses and its high energy performance is reflected by the fact that for each unit of energy used it makes use of up to 73% in comparison with 20% of conventional cars. As a result, it needs less energy to travel the same distance, while using it more efficiently.

From an economic point of view, the initial investment in the vehicle is slightly higher than for conventional cars, although this difference is gradually being reduced. In any event, assistance from Administrations to offset this difference should be deducted from the purchase price, considering that replacing a combustion-engine vehicle for an electric one represents a step forward for the transport sector overall.

In any case, when taking a big decision such as to buy a new car, it is very important to make an analysis of the vehicle over its entire working life. In the case of electric vehicles, maintenance is much less and the fuel – energy – is more economic than fuels for conventional cars. For example, the cost of the electricity needed to drive 100 kilometres is around 2 euros.

Autonomy

The autonomy of electric vehicles is gradually increasing, currently at around 400 km in theory, although this varies depending on driving style and speed. In any case, energy storage is undergoing great technological progress while its price is also falling, and this means considerable increases in real autonomy.

To reduce the level of doubt around available autonomy when driving an electric vehicle, there are now more than 70 public charging points in Euskadi that represent another factor in favour of using electric mobility. They are mostly slow-charge points, although some are also fast-charge that mean you can charge a battery in just over 20 minutes. The majority of journeys of most private car users are not over 30 kilometres, so the current autonomy of electric vehicles is more than sufficient, and charging points are also a psychological boost that gives users more confidence.

Night charging is the most common way to charge batteries. It is usually done at home, plugging the car in during the night so it is ready for use the next morning. It is also more and more common to find private charging points in communal garages, as the installations are simple and, although it is necessary to install cabling, no large facilities are required or complicated administrative procedures to get installation permits. It is simply a case of notifying the property administrators of the imminent installation of the equipment.